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Getting to know the car

Tyre Pressure

Tyre Side Wall

Q. Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressures for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.


A. Information about the recommended tyre pressure will be found in the car manufacturer’s guide/manual. Check the tyre pressures by using a reliable pressure gauge when the tyres are cold. Don’t forget the spare tyre and remember to refit the valve caps.

Q. Tell me how you would check the tyres to show that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.


A. A safe tyre will have no cuts or bulges. The tread depth should be at least 1.6mm across the central 3/4 of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.

Tyre Tread Depth

Tyre Thread Depth

Q. Tell me how you would check the tyres to show that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.


A. A safe tyre will have no cuts or bulges. The tread depth should be at least 1.6mm across the central 3/4 of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.

Rev Counter

Q. Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your anti-lock braking system.


A. A warning light will illuminate on dashboard if there is a fault with the anti-lock braking system.

ABS Warning Light

Indicators and Lights

Q. Show me how you switch your headlight from dipped to main beam and explain how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car.

A. Operate the headlight switch and turn this to main beam. You will know that the main beam is on because the main bean warning will light up on the dashboard. You may need to turn the engine on to operate the lights.

Hazard Warning Lights

Q. Show me how you would check that the indicators are working correctly.


A. Activate the indicators or hazard warning lights and walk around the car to see if all the indicators are working correctly. Operating the hazard warning lights is the preferred method as the ignition does not need to be on for the hazard warning lights to work.

Mini Engine Bay

Engine Bay

Q. Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine coolant level and tell me how you would check the engine has the correct level.


A. Identify the engine coolant tank and check that the level of coolant is between the minimum and maximum level indicator. If the coolant is below the minimum mark then more coolant is needed. To do this, unscrew the tank cap when the engine is cold and add the coolant until the maximum mark is reached.



Q. Open the bonnet, identify where you would put the engine oil.

Q. Open the bonnet, identify where the windscreen washer reservoir is and tell me how you check the level?


A. Locate the windscreen washer reservoir. Lift off the cap and make a visual check of the level of fluid as there are no external markings on reservoir. This should be checked regularly.

Dashboard Controls

Dashboard Controls
Q. Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you would use it/them. (No need to exit vehicle).


A. Operate the switch (turn on the dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check the warning light is on and explain when you would use the fog lights, when visibility is reduced to 100m .


Q. Show me how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows effectively, this should include both front and rear screens.


A. Set all relevant controls including; fan, temperature, air direction / source and heated screen to clear windscreen and windows. Engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.

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